Antilocapra – Pronghorn
Pronghorns are the fastest land mammals after the cheetah but can maintain their speed for much longer
The American Pronghorn is the sole representative of the family. Their name comes from their unique headgear, a pair of forked horns that are shed annually, unlike the horns of other ruminants.
Pronghorns prefer to eat succulent, protein-rich vegetation and spend most of their time browsing for food, only pausing to nap for short periods.
They have excellent eyesight and can spot movement from as much as 5km (3 miles) away. At the sight of danger, pronghorns warn their herd with alarm calls and by using glands that produce a unique “danger scent.” The entire herd adopts this “see and flee” approach, leaving the predators in their dust.
Species in this genus
The fastest land mammal in the Western Hemisphere can run at speeds of up to 89 km/h (55 mph)