Some of the largest freshwater turtles in the world

Batagur, a genus of endangered turtles native to South and Southeast Asia, encompasses several typically medium to large species. These giant freshwater turtles are primarily aquatic, spending most of their lives submerged in water, where they forage for food and seek refuge from predators. They only venture onto land to lay their eggs, making nesting beaches crucial for their reproductive success.

Pangshura turtles are typically found in freshwater habitats like rivers, lakes, and ponds. They are omnivorous, and their diet consists of various plant and animal matter. Pangshura turtles are relatively small, with most species reaching a maximum carapace length of around 25 cm (10 inches). They are sexually mature at about 5-7 years of age, and their lifespan is typically about 20-30 years.

The diet of Batagur turtles is diverse, consisting of both plant and animal matter found in and around their aquatic habitats. They feed on a variety of aquatic plants, invertebrates, and small vertebrates, utilizing their specialized jaws and strong limbs to capture and consume prey. This omnivorous feeding behavior allows Batagur turtles to adapt to different environmental conditions and food availability in their aquatic ecosystems.

Despite their ecological importance, Batagur turtles face numerous threats to their survival, primarily driven by human activities. Illegal trafficking of these turtles from Indonesia to markets in China poses a significant threat, with considerable numbers of turtles being illegally transported and sold for their perceived medicinal or culinary value.