Bison – Bisons
Numerous species of this genus have become extinct in the last 10,000 years
Members of the genus bison are also called buffalo. Bisons have a giant broad, heavy heads carried low and cannot be raised to shoulder level. Of the two surviving species, the American bison is found only in North America and is the more numerous.
Adults grow up to 2 m (6.6 ft) in height and 3.5 m (11 ft) in length and can weigh from around 400 to 1,270 kg (880 to 2600 pounds).
They travel in herds. Bison temperament is often unpredictable. They usually appear peaceful, unconcerned, and even lazy, yet they may attack anything, often without warning or apparent reason. American bison live in river valleys and on prairies and plains. Bison are ruminants, allowing them to ferment plants in a specialized stomach before digesting them.
Species in this genus
Hunted almost to extinction, they were the first species to be reintroduced to nature
Habitat destruction & overhunting led to extinction in the wild, now gradually being reintroduced