These intelligent and attractive birds are natural performers with squeaky and loud vocals

Cockatoos are known for their striking features and charismatic personalities. Found primarily in Australia and the islands of Indonesia and the Philippines, these birds are not only a delight to observe but also an interesting study in avian behavior and ecology.

These birds are known for their predominantly white plumage, which may be accentuated with touches of red, yellow, or blue. These vibrant splashes of color are most noticeable in their crests and around their eyes and can vary significantly between species. The crest, which can be raised or lowered depending on the bird’s mood and social interactions, is one of the most distinctive and expressive features of cockatoos.

Within the genus Cacatua, there is considerable variation in size and crest shape, which can be used to identify different species. For example, the large White cockatoo has a prominent umbrella-shaped crest, whereas the smaller yellow-crested cockatoo has a more subtle crest that reflects its namesake color.

Unique facial markings also distinguish certain species. The Western Corella is noted for its blue eye mask with orange hues, adding to its distinctive appearance. Conversely, the blue-eyed cockatoo boasts a featherless, thin blue ring around its eyes, providing a striking contrast to its white plumage.

Cockatoos are renowned for their intelligence and problem-solving abilities. They have been observed using tools in the wild, such as using sticks or branches to scratch their backs or reach for distant objects. This evidence of tool use reflects a level of cognitive complexity that is quite advanced among birds.

Cockatoos are highly social creatures, often found in large flocks in the wild. They communicate with a wide repertoire of vocalizations and physical displays. Their social nature extends to interaction with humans, making them popular pets. However, their need for social interaction means they require significant mental stimulation and emotional investment from their owners.