Numididae – Guineafowls

Highly vocal birds domesticated for food and serve as watchdogs on farms, build nests on the ground but roost in trees at night

Guineafowls resemble partridges in physical appearance and reside in the rainforests and savannahs of Sub-Saharan Africa. They have a pear-shaped body with a featherless, small rounded head and neck. Even though guineafowls are fast runners, they only run to escape danger. Their size varies between 40-71 cm (17-24 in) in length.

Birds usually prefer a sedentary lifestyle but form pairs in the breeding season. Birds are commonly domesticated for their flesh and are introduced worldwide. They are involved in the control of ticks, scorpions, locusts, flies, and invertebrates. Vulturine guinea fowl is this family’s most colorful and largest species and can live without water for an extended period.