Lepidoptera – Butterflies & moths
Symbols of transformation and beauty: a color and pattern-filled living canvas
Those fluttering colorful patterned scaled wings, can’t be confused with any other insect!
Distinguished by specialized mouthparts(proboscis) for feeding on nectar, and an amazing life cycle featuring complete metamorphosis. Lepidopteran evolutionary history extends back to approximately 190 million years, with ancestral forms during the Jurassic period.
Lepidopterans master mimicry, adopting colors and patterns to resemble other organisms or things that echo danger or camouflage. Adaptations like mimicry, camouflage, and warning coloration, contribute to their survival strategies against predators.
Lepidoptera plays vital roles in ecosystems as both pollinators and prey. They may influence crop yields, ecosystem dynamics, and contribute to biodiversity. Also, serve as important models in scientific studies, contributing to our understanding of genetics, physiology, development, ecology, and evolutionary biology.
Families in this order
Wide variety group including litter, tiger, lichen, wasp and tussock moths
Other types of these moths are known to be problematic pests
Help flowering plants reproduce by pollinating them at night
Some are agricultural pests, causing crop damage by feeding on leaves, fruits, or shoots
Each species has its own set of wing markings and colors
Some are considered pests due to their impact on stored grains and crops
Moths that are quite small in size with wings that are narrow and fringed
Don’t often showcase vibrant shades and are typically dominated by gray or brown hues
Not flashy, but their wings have pretty designs
This moth’s caterpillars have hairs that can lead to an extremely uncomfortable rash
Contains some of the largest and beautiful moths in the world: emperor moths, royal moths, and giant silk moths
Small, pale moths that are not commonly seen by humans
Some species are able to emit a foul odor or produce a toxic chemical when threatened
Can cause significant damage to clothing and other items made of natural fibers
Share similarities with both moths and… hummingbirds!
Also known as four-footed butterflies as they stand on only four legs – and the other two legs are curled up
Smaller in size compared to their larger, more flamboyant relatives
A group of tiny, agile and often overlooked butterflies
Known for their muted colors and distinctive eye spots on their wings
Has hidden ultraviolet patterns that are used in courtship
Usually harmless to humans, but some species can damage crops and plants