Mesitornithidae – Mesites

Smallish flightless birds are only found in Madagascar, all 3 species are threatened

This family includes the white-breasted mesite, the brown mesite, and the sub-desert mesite. All three species are endemic to Madagascar – which means they aren’t found anywhere else in the world.

Although endemic to the same country, their habitats vary. The sub-desert species lives in dry, deciduous spiny forests, the brown in undisturbed primary, evergreen, humid forests, and the white-breasted in deciduous forests near rivers. Mesites are ground-dwelling birds that forage for seeds and insects under leaves and litter on the forest floor.

The IUCN red species list has classified all three species as Vulnerable.