Microcebus – Mouse lemurs

Nocturnal and solitary, and home to the world’s smallest primate – Madame Berthe’s mouse lemur

The tiny members of this genus evolved from a common ancestor 10 million years ago. They are the smallest primates, and the smallest species is Madame Berthe’s mouse lemur. They also have the smallest brain of all primates; it only weighs about 2g (0.004 pounds).

Mouse lemurs are generally omnivores that consume various foods such as arthropods, insect secretions, small vertebrates, fruits, nectar, flowers, buds, leaves, and gum. They are announced as the most endangered of all vertebrates by IUCN.