Pedionomidae – Plains-wanderer

The monotypic family that is almost on the brink of extinction

Members of this family are only found in Australia. The Riverina area of New South Wales is home to most surviving inhabitants.

A ground bird that looks like a quail and is 15–19 cm (5.9-7.4 in) in length. It is such an unusual bird that it is classified as a separate family, Pedionomidae. The mature male’s upper parts are light brown, with fawn-white underparts and black crescents. The adult female is significantly bigger than the male and wears a white-spotted black collar. They have superb concealment and will hide in the first instance if disturbed. However, when approached too closely, they will flee rather than fly, a skill they lack. Females deposit four eggs, which the male subsequently incubates.