Rallidae – Rails & coots

This family is highly diverse due to the inclusion of several species

Members of this widespread family include long-billed rails, aquatic coots, short-billed crakes, and gallinules. They are secretive birds living in dense vegetation; very few facts about these species are known.

The short rails have pointed bills for probing, and powerful legs with long toes adapted for running. The bills in crakes and gallinules are comparatively shorter; they forage in shallow waters or browse plants. Gallinules wear the most colorful costumes among the three groups. All the members’ coots are truly aquatic (even nests in water) with relevant adaptations.