Eubalaena – Right whales

The genus of the largest whales, other than Family Balaenopteridae

They are closely related and share their family with the bowhead whales, typical for dark gray or black skin; hence sometimes are also referred to as the ‘black whales.’

The most distinctive characteristic of right whales is the presence of a rough patch of skin on their head that looks white due to parasitism by whale lice.

Moreover, all three species in this genus are migratory that move seasonally from place to place to forage or give birth. Although due to the protection laws in place, whaling is no longer a threat, humanity remains a threat to these species as these whales regularly get struck by ships and ingest plastic debris that can even kill them.