Testudinidae – Tortoises
The only exclusively land-dwelling turtles family
This family contains the largest living species of land turtle, the Galápagos tortoise -the giant of the tortoise world. They are famous and even have a whole Archipelago named after them! Yes, the Galapagos islands.
Some tortoises can live up to 150 years and are found on all continents except Antarctica and Australia. They can survive without consuming water or food for extended periods. In fact, they were often kept on long-voyage whaling ships as a source of fresh meat. Some species are popular as pets, decreasing their natural populations.
Genera in this family
Home of the largest tortoise on the planet
Remarkable reptiles with an iconic domed shell that serves as a fortress of protection
This giant is the largest African and third of all the tortoises on earth
Home of the world’s smallest tortoise
Madagascar-endemic + star-shaped shells = critically-endangered
The extinction of two of its species has rendered it a monotypic genus