Turdidae – Thrush

Known for their elaborate and melodious songs, with some species capable of mimicking other birds and sounds

With over 170 species spread across the globe, these birds are found in nearly every type of environment, from dense forests to urban parks. Thrushes are generally medium-sized birds, ranging from 17 to 33 centimeters in length. They exhibit a variety of colors and patterns, although many species have a somewhat muted palette of browns, grays, and whites. Some thrushes, however, like the American Robin and the European Robin, display more vivid colors such as red, orange, or blue. Typical features include strong legs for ground foraging, relatively short wings, and a straight bill that is well-suited for their omnivorous diet. Their eyes are usually large and expressive, aiding in foraging and spotting predators.

Thrushes are primarily omnivorous, feeding on a diet that includes insects, earthworms, berries, and fruits. Their foraging behavior is often characterized by hopping on the ground, probing the soil, and flipping over leaves to uncover hidden prey. In colder months, many thrush species rely more heavily on fruits and berries.

One of the most distinctive behaviors of thrushes is their singing. These birds are among the most accomplished songsters in the avian world. Their songs are complex and melodious, often consisting of a series of phrases repeated in a specific sequence. This vocal prowess attracts mates, defends territories, and communicates with other birds.