Emperor penguin

Aptly named the biggest of the Penguin species & Olympic diver of the bird world

Christopher Michel

Emperors with black backs and heads, white bellies, and yellow tinch around their necks are the biggest penguin species only found in Antarctica.

They live entirely on ice, breed and raise their young on frozen oceans, and can live without food for days. They don’t build nests but use brood patches and footwork to incubate eggs. Adaptations like two layers of feathers, smaller flippers, and the ability to slow down metabolism help them survive harsh Antarctic conditions. These deepest divers can stay underwater for up to 20 mins at a time, thanks to solid bones!

Overfishing, climate change, habitat destruction, and tourism are a few reasons to threaten their existence.

Distribution

Country
Population est.
Status
Year
Comments
Atlantic Ocean
2019
Indian ocean
2019
Pacific Ocean
2019
Antarctica
2019
Argentina
2019
Vagrant
Chile
2019
Vagrant
Falkland Islands
2019
Vagrant: Malvinas
French Southern T.
2019
Vagrant
Heard & McDonald
2019
Vagrant
New Zealand
2019
Vagrant
South Georgia
2019
Vagrant

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Terrestrial / Aquatic

Altricial / Precocial

Polygamous / Monogamous

Dimorphic (size) / Monomorphic

Active: Diurnal / Nocturnal

Social behavior: Solitary / Pack / Herd / Colony

Diet: Carnivore / Herbivore / Omnivore / Piscivorous / Insectivore

Migratory: Yes / No

Domesticated: Yes / No

Dangerous: Yes / No