Giant eland

The largest species of antelope, weighing up to 700 kg (1550 pounds) and growing 1.8m (6 ft)

Valerie

An awe-inspiring testament to the grandeur of the African wilderness, it stands as the largest antelope species, distinguished not only by its impressive size but also by its striking appearance. With a smooth, reddish-brown coat adorned with distinctive white stripes across the chest, the Giant Eland captures the essence of the wild landscapes it once roamed freely. The contrast between the sexes is notable, with males presenting a darker and more robust physique than their female counterparts, alongside the majestic, spiraled horns that are a hallmark of the species. These horns, present in both males and females, are thicker and longer in males, symbolizing strength and virility.

Historically, the Giant Eland was widespread across West Africa, a testament to the vast and diverse habitats that could support such a large and resource-intensive species. However, the narrative of the Giant Eland has taken a dramatic turn in recent centuries. Today, these magnificent animals are confined to a few protected areas in southeastern Senegal, a fraction of their former range, rendering them vulnerable to the brink of extinction. The causes of this decline are manifold, with human activities at the forefront of threats facing the Giant Eland.

Habitat destruction, driven by the expansion of agriculture, urban development, and unchecked deforestation, has fragmented the once-continuous landscapes the Giant Eland called home. Poaching and unregulated hunting have also taken a toll, with the Giant Eland’s impressive size and unique horns making it a coveted trophy for hunters. Beyond the immediate impact of human encroachment, natural disasters and environmental challenges have exacerbated the plight of the Giant Eland. Competition with native wildlife for diminishing resources and the harsh realities of prolonged droughts, likely intensified by climate change, have further stressed the populations of these majestic creatures.

Distribution

Country
Population est.
Status
Year
Comments
Cameroon
2016
Central Af. Rep.
2016
Chad
2016
Côte D’ivoire
0
Official estimate
EX
2016
Extinct locally
DR Congo (Kinshasa)
2016
Presence Uncertain, Vagrant
Gambia
0
Official estimate
EX
2016
Extinct 1903
Ghana
0
Official estimate
EX
2016
Extinct locally
Guinea-Bissau
2016
Presence Uncertain
Guinea
2016
Mali
2016
Nigeria
2016
Presence Uncertain, Vagrant
Senegal
2016
South Sudan
2016
Togo
0
Official estimate
EX
2016
Extinct locally
Uganda
2016
Possibly Extinct

Anything we've missed?

Help us improve this page by suggesting edits. Glory never dies!

Suggest an edit

Get to know me

Terrestrial / Aquatic

Altricial / Precocial

Polygamous / Monogamous

Dimorphic (size) / Monomorphic

Active: Diurnal / Nocturnal

Social behavior: Solitary / Pack / Herd

Diet: Carnivore / Herbivore / Omnivore / Piscivorous / Insectivore

Migratory: Yes / No

Domesticated: Yes / No

Dangerous: Yes / No