Greater horseshoe bat

These elegant acrobats perform a perfectly timed and skilled somersault as they approach their chosen resting site

Carl Allen

The greater horseshoe bat is the largest horseshoe bat in Europe. They have a horseshoe-shaped flap of skin on their nose to help focus the ultrasound they use to ‘see.’ They have fluffy and soft fur, with the base of their fur in light grey, grey-brown fur on their back, and grey-white fur on their belly. Their ears and wing membranes are light grey-brown.

They are insectivorous bats; consuming insects and moths is their favorite, making up to 41% of their diet, followed by beetles, which comprise around 33%. Greater horseshoe bat is sedentary, only traveling up to 30km (19 miles) between the summer and winter roosts, and the longest recorded travel distance is 180km (110 miles).

Distribution

Country
Population est.
Status
Year
Comments
Afghanistan
2016
Albania
2016
Algeria
2016
Andorra
2016
Armenia
2016
Austria
2016
Azerbaijan
2016
Bangladesh
2016
Belgium
0
Official estimate
EX
2016
Extinct locally
Bhutan
2016
Bosnia And Herz.
2016
Bulgaria
2016
China
2016
Croatia
2016
Cyprus
2016
Czechia
2016
France
2016
Corsica
Georgia
2016
Germany
2016
Gibraltar
0
Official estimate
EX
2016
Extinct locally
Greece
2016
Kriti
Hungary
2016
India
2016
Iran
2016
Iraq
2016
Israel
2016
Italy
2016
Sardegna, Sicilia
Japan
2016
Jordan
2016
Kazakhstan
2016
Korea
2016
Kyrgyzstan
2016
Lebanon
2016
Liechtenstein
2016
Luxembourg
2016
Malta
2016
Possibly Extinct
Moldova
2016
Monaco
2016
Montenegro
2016
Morocco
2016
Nepal
2016
Netherlands
0
Official estimate
EX
2016
Extinct locally
North Korea
2016
North Macedonia
2016
Pakistan
2016
Poland
2016
Portugal
2016
Romania
2016
Russia
2016
San Marino
2016
Saudi Arabia
2016
Serbia
2016
Slovakia
2016
Slovenia
2016
Spain
2016
Baleares
Switzerland
2016
Syria
2016
Tajikistan
2016
Tunisia
2016
Turkey
2016
Turkmenistan
2016
Ukraine
2016
United Kingdom
2016
Uzbekistan
2016

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Terrestrial / Aquatic

Altricial / Precocial

Polygamous / Monogamous

Dimorphic (size) / Monomorphic

Active: Diurnal / Nocturnal

Social behavior: Solitary / Pack / Herd

Diet: Carnivore / Herbivore / Omnivore / Piscivorous / Insectivore

Migratory: Yes / No

Domesticated: Yes / No

Dangerous: Yes / No