Grévy’s zebra

The largest wild species of the horses family and the most threatened zebra species


Their narrow intricate stripes, wider rounded ears, and typical mule-like appearance make them distinguishable.

Historically found widely across the Horn of Africa, by 2022 persists in Ethiopia and Kenya; with only 2500-3000 individuals, Grevy’s zebra is the rarest zebra species.

They are grazers adapted to arid and semi-arid grass/shrubland habitats around permanent water sources. They are not that social like other zebras and live primarily alone or in loose herds. The only strong bonds in Grevys’ are between the mother and the foals.
Critical range reduction and competition over scarce resources (human and livestock) and droughts, disease, and poaching combined to an alarming decline(~87%) over the last three decades.


Population est.
Official estimate
Extinct locally
Official estimate
Extinct locally

Did you know?

  • Grevy’s Zebra Trust (GZT) was established in 2007 to address the urgent need to conserve Grevy’s zebra in the community rangelands of Kenya and Ethiopia. We work hand in hand with local communities because we believe that they must be at the centre of designing and driving conservation efforts.
  • Drought has killed about 40+ Grevy’s by June 2022 -more than the number of deaths that otherwise risked/projected for over a year.
  • Out of the 3,000 remaining Grevys in the world, 2,500 (83%) are in Kenya.
  • They are extremely mobile and can move great distances (greater than 80 km – 50 miles)!
  • They can live without a sip of water for five days, but mothers with babies can tolerate only a day or two without water.
  • Their skin pattern of narrow black and white stripes made Grevys highly prized by trophy hunters until the 20th century; thankfully, trophy hunting is now outlawed.
  • They are still illegally poached for their body parts in medicinal use as well as for bushmeat.
  • Their foals are unusually precious; they can stand within 11 mins and run within 45 mins of birth but don’t drink water until 3 months old!

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Terrestrial / Aquatic

Altricial / Precocial

Polygamous / Monogamous

Dimorphic (size) / Monomorphic

Active: Diurnal / Nocturnal

Social behavior: Solitary / Pack / Herd

Diet: Carnivore / Herbivore / Omnivore / Piscivorous / Insectivore

Migratory: Yes / No

Domesticated: Yes / No

Dangerous: Yes / No