Javan trogon

Only a few hundred pairs are left in the world

Lip Kee Yap

Lip Kee Yap

Javan trogon


Only a few hundred pairs are left in the world

Population 10,000
1-9% decline over three generations

A species of bird that is as enigmatic as it is beautiful, and it is exclusively found in the lush rainforests of Java, an Indonesian island known for its rich biodiversity. These small to medium-sized birds boast an array of vibrant colors, with feathers that can include a palette of bright red, blue, green, and yellow hues, making them a visual treat for birdwatchers and ornithologists alike.

Residing primarily in the lower montane rainforests, Javan Trogons are found on the lower slopes of Java’s mountainous regions. These forests provide the ideal habitat with high humidity and a consistent climate that is vital for their survival. The dense foliage and abundance of insect life in these areas offer these birds ample foraging opportunities. As a testament to their adaptation to this environment, they exhibit a sedentary lifestyle, rarely venturing far from their chosen territory.

The Javan Trogon’s non-migratory nature means they spend their entire lifecycle within a relatively small geographical area. This localized existence includes all aspects of their life—searching for food, mating, nesting, raising their young, and eventually passing away within the same forests they were born in. Their breeding habits are particularly intriguing; they generally lay only 1-2 eggs per clutch. The survival rate of the chicks is quite low, with usually only one chick surviving to adulthood. This low reproductive rate is often a concern for conservationists, especially given the threats to their habitat.

As insectivores, Javan Trogons have a diet that primarily consists of insects such as beetles, cicadas, and stick insects, which they adeptly capture with their sharp beaks. Their feeding habits are a spectacle of agility and precision as they maneuver through the forest’s understory. However, their diet is not exclusively insect-based. They are also known to indulge in the sweet nectar of fruits, particularly figs, which provide them with essential nutrients and a change from their usual insect prey.


Population est.
Official estimate

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Terrestrial / Aquatic

Altricial / Precocial

Polygamous / Monogamous

Dimorphic (size) / Monomorphic

Active: Diurnal / Nocturnal

Social behavior: Solitary / Pack / Herd

Diet: Carnivore / Herbivore / Omnivore / Piscivorous / Insectivore

Migratory: Yes / No

Domesticated: Yes / No

Dangerous: Yes / No