Long-headed caecilian

Endemic to the tropical Western Ghats of Kerala, India

Sandeep Das

These caecilians are believed to be native to the moist, evergreen woods of India’s Western Ghats. These terrestrial caecilians primarily consume earthworms and other soft-bodied food in their diet. These caecilians have blunt heads and bony, compact skulls, which they utilize to bore through the sand and mud to create their tunnels.

Although they may initially appear soft, they have a large number of razor-sharp teeth that they employ to seize their prey. The yellow body stripe and several yellow spots on the back of these caecilians give them their distinctive appearance.


Population est.

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Terrestrial / Aquatic

Altricial / Precocial

Polygamous / Monogamous

Dimorphic (size) / Monomorphic

Active: Diurnal / Nocturnal

Social behavior: Solitary / Pack / Herd

Diet: Carnivore / Herbivore / Omnivore / Piscivorous / Insectivore

Migratory: Yes / No

Domesticated: Yes / No

Dangerous: Yes / No