Sumatran striped rabbit

Considered the most elusive and rarest rabbit in the world, with only a few sightings in the wild

Sumatran striped rabbit


Considered the most elusive and rarest rabbit in the world, with only a few sightings in the wild


With its distinctive black fur adorned by brown stripes and a contrasting white underside, it is a captivating species native to the dense forests of Sumatra. Characterized by its unique coloration, this elusive rabbit boasts a coat that is both dense and soft, providing insulation and protection against the elements. Overlaying the soft fur are harsher and longer hairs, adding to its unique appearance and texture.

Initially believed to be the sole member of the Nesolagus genus, the Sumatran striped rabbit faced an unexpected discovery with the identification of the Annamite striped rabbit, a closely related species found in the Annamite Mountains of Laos and Vietnam. This revelation shed light on the evolutionary history and distribution of these enigmatic rabbits.

Despite their striking appearance, Sumatran striped rabbits are notoriously shy and elusive, preferring to remain hidden within the dense undergrowth of their forest habitat. Their nocturnal nature means they are most active during the cover of night when they venture out to forage for food. Their diet primarily consists of stalks and leaves, which they gather stealthily under the cover of darkness, utilizing their keen senses to navigate their environment and avoid potential predators.

When not foraging for food, Sumatran striped rabbits seek refuge in burrows abandoned by other animals, providing them with shelter and protection from the elements. These burrows serve as essential refuges for these elusive creatures, allowing them to rest and seek refuge from the challenges of their forest habitat.

Despite their unique characteristics and ecological importance, Sumatran striped rabbits remain largely unknown to local communities, with many individuals unaware of their existence. This lack of awareness underscores the urgent need for increased research and conservation efforts to protect these rare and vulnerable species from further decline.


Population est.

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Terrestrial / Aquatic

Altricial / Precocial

Polygamous / Monogamous

Dimorphic / Monomorphic

Active: Diurnal / Nocturnal

Social behavior: Solitary / Pack / Herd

Diet: Carnivore / Herbivore / Omnivore / Piscivorous / Insectivore

Migratory: Yes / No

Domesticated: Yes / No

Dangerous: Yes / No