Loxodonta – African elephants

Genus of the heaviest land mammals; severely threatened by humans

Loxodonta is a genus comprised of two out of three species of living elephants, the African bush (savanna) elephant, and the smaller-sized African forest elephant. Generally, they have folded grey skin up to 3 cm (1.2 inches) thick and are covered with sparse, bristled black to dark-brown hair.

They are highly intelligent animals as their brain is closely related to the structure of human brains. So, they can express various behaviors such as grief, mimicry, compassion, and cooperation. Both species of the genus are currently considered at severe risk of extinction due to being threatened by poaching primarily for the ivory trade and habitat loss and fragmentation.