Camelus – Camels

Gliding across Asia and Africa’s desert, aptly named “ships of the desert”

These ruminating hoofed tough guys are native to arid Africa and Asia and are known for surviving for long periods without drinking water. The Arabian camel or dromedary has a single back hump, while the domesticated Bactrian camel and the wild Bactrian camel have two. These animals are also known as “the ships of the desert,” They have long been valued as saddle animals and are used to obtain milk, meat, wool, and hides.

Domesticated species of this genus are currently of no particular conservational concern, but the wild Bactrian camel has been assessed as a Critically endangered species by the IUCN since 2002. This species’ largest surviving population— around 650 adult animals—lives in the Gobi Desert.