Trochilidae – Hummingbirds

The adaptations in their flight and skeletal muscles allow them to hover and show the unique aerial display of both forward and backward flight

Hummingbirds are nectar feeders that occasionally supplement their diet with small insects. The male hummingbird is smaller and more colorful when compared to the female. This is because they are the vertebrates with the highest metabolic rate, followed by a rapid heartbeat.

The weight of the smallest hummingbird is less than 2 g (0.07 oz), whereas the weight of giant hummingbirds ranges from 19 to 21 g (0.67 to 0.74 oz). The shape and length of their bills vary from specie-to-specie, indicating their favorite flower. It is hard for these birds to walk on the ground with such tiny feet; therefore, they prefer to take small flights for translocation. These beautiful creatures may look harmless, but they could become ferocious defenders to protect their territory and food.