Trochilidae – Hummingbirds
The adaptations in their flight and skeletal muscles allow them to hover and show the unique aerial display of both forward and backward flight
Hummingbirds are nectar feeders that occasionally supplement their diet with small insects. The male hummingbird is smaller and more colorful when compared to the female. This is because they are the vertebrates with the highest metabolic rate, followed by a rapid heartbeat.
The weight of the smallest hummingbird is less than 2 g (0.07 oz), whereas the weight of giant hummingbirds ranges from 19 to 21 g (0.67 to 0.74 oz). The shape and length of their bills vary from specie-to-specie, indicating their favorite flower. It is hard for these birds to walk on the ground with such tiny feet; therefore, they prefer to take small flights for translocation. These beautiful creatures may look harmless, but they could become ferocious defenders to protect their territory and food.
Genera in this family
Let’s all agree that it’s the most popular and charismatic species of hummingbird that will leave you awe
They sport beautiful feathers in vibrant shades of blue, green, and gold
A unique group of hummingbirds living high up in the North and Central American mountains
A genus of hardy hummingbirds found in the various landscapes of the Americas
Home to the two smallest birds on our planet