Liolaemus – Iguanian lizards
From the Andes (Peru) to Tierra del Fuego (Argentina), they are the southmost reptiles on our planet
This genus is a highly diversified group of lizards endemic to South America. Occupying much of the southern and central-southern regions of South America, different species have adapted to a wide range of habitats, from the hot desert of Atacama to the tropical forests of Brazil and the high altitudes of the Andes.
They are generally active during the day and are generalist omnivores with diets primarily consisting of insects and plant material. Some species are reportedly, however, insectivores or herbivores exclusively.
Due to the high variation of adaptations among species of this genus, Liolaemus lizards are excellent for studying ecological studies of vertebrates (backbone-bearing animals).