Gallus – Junglefowls

Genus of the national bird of Sri Lanka, Sri Lankan junglefowl, inhabiting South and Southeast Asia

Large birds with colorful plumage in males and well-camouflaged females are difficult to be identified in dense vegetation where they are commonly found. They are omnivorous, feeding on various plant and animal food, including mice and frogs. The birds are involved in a polygynandrous mating system (multi-male and multi-female) and do not form pairs. A female usually mates with several males and is responsible for incubating eggs and taking care of precocial chicks.

Birds have beautiful feathers, which are used for pillows and mattresses. Red junglefowl is the only domesticated species of this genus, having fourteen tail feathers. It is utilized not only for eggs and meat but also for fighting and chicken competitions.