Ambystomatidae – Mole salamanders

Native to US and Canada; members in this family are mostly terrestrial

This group of salamanders is found in North and Central America. They are characterized by their burrowing habits and ability to breathe through their skin and mouth lining, similar to plethodontid salamanders.

Ambystomatid salamanders are typically large, with some species reaching up to 50 cm (20 in) in length. They have stocky bodies and short legs, adapted for digging through soil and leaf litter. Many species in this family are adapted to live in the forest, but some are found in grasslands and wetlands. Ambystomatid salamanders are carnivorous, feeding on insects, worms, and small invertebrates.

Some species are threatened or endangered due to habitat destruction, pollution, and other human activities.