Ambystoma – Mole salamanders

Advanced salamanders native to North America, with two famous members: the Axolotl and the Tiger salamander

There are sporadic populations of Mole Salamanders in the Piedmont (eastern USA) and throughout the Southeast’s Coastal Plain. Because they are nocturnal and spend the day in leaf litter or burrows on the forest floor, they are known as ‘mole salamanders.’

They can have spots on the back and sides and range in hue from light grey to light brown. They live in upland woods near ponds used for breeding or floodplain forests near swampy areas. Young mole salamanders have gills on the outside and dwell in the water. Some species live their whole lives in the water, while most eventually lose their gills and migrate to land.