Microhylidae – Narrow-mouthed frogs

These small plump frogs with triangular-shaped body and a pointed snout are geographically widespread

A vast and complex group of frogs found in North America, Asia, Northern Australia, Sub-Saharan Africa, and Madagascar. Within this family, Microhylids display an astounding array of forms and habits, making it a challenge to provide a comprehensive summary of their diversity.

One characteristic often associated with many narrow-mouthed frog species within the Microhylidae family is their plump, wide, and sometimes chubby-looking bodies. These frogs typically possess a short head that culminates in a thin or pointed snout, contributing to their distinctive appearance. Consequently, a pear or teardrop-shaped overall body shape is common among Microhylid species.

Microhylids can be broadly categorized into two major groups based on their morphology and dietary preferences. The first group comprises species with broad bodies and tiny lips. These frogs primarily feed on termites and ants, displaying a specialized diet compared to many other frog species. Their unique adaptations allow them to exploit a niche in the ecosystem by targeting these particular prey items.

Conversely, the second group of Microhylids encompasses species with broader dietary preferences, consuming a range of foods typical of most frogs. This diversity in feeding habits showcases the adaptability and ecological versatility of the Microhylidae family.

The distinctive characteristics and ecological roles of the Microhylidae family make them valuable components of the ecosystems they inhabit. Their dietary diversity and feeding behaviors can influence insect populations, contributing to the regulation of insect pests.