Genus members casually carry a roof on their backs

A distinctive genus of turtles that is characterized by a unique feature: the “roof” at the very top of their shell, which sets them apart from other turtle species. These turtles are popular pets in the Indian Subcontinent and are commonly found in the principal rivers of South Asia. Their striking appearance includes a brown shell adorned with a distinctive yellow or orange lateral stripe and a reddish-orange median stripe.

Sexual dimorphism is pronounced in Pangshura turtles, with males displaying more vivid colors and possessing longer, thicker tails than females. Additionally, the vent of male turtles extends beyond the carapacial rim, while in females, the vent is located beneath the carapace. Females tend to be larger overall but have shorter tails compared to their male counterparts.

Pangshura turtles exhibit omnivorous feeding habits, consuming a diverse array of food items. They are adept scavengers and will consume both plant and animal matter for sustenance. Their diet includes aquatic plants such as water hyacinths and weeds, as well as animal prey such as crabs and snails. This dietary flexibility allows Pangshura turtles to adapt to various environmental conditions and food availability in their habitat.

Despite their adaptability and widespread distribution, Pangshura turtles face threats to their survival, primarily due to habitat destruction, pollution, and overexploitation for the pet trade.