Salamandrella – Siberian salamanders

Primitive salamanders of the far north

After being frozen for years many meters down in the ice, Siberian salamanders can thaw out, get up and run off. These salamanders can grow up to 13cm (5 in) long, with females usually larger than males.

Both members in this genus are superb swimmers and good travelers. They make distinct snake-like undulations of their body and tail as they move forward.

These salamander’s ability to survive when frozen is not unique among amphibians. Some frogs can also hibernate on the forest floor or in the water underneath the ice, with up to 65 percent of their body water in the form of ice.