Blond capuchin

The first nonhuman primates known to have long-term changing patterns of stone tool use, isn’t that clever?


Blond capuchin


The first nonhuman primates known to have long-term changing patterns of stone tool use, isn’t that clever?

Population 1,000
50% reduction over the next 48 years

A rare and captivating primate that has captured the attention of the conservation community and the world since its rediscovery in 2006. This species, with its striking golden blond fur covering its entire body, is a breathtaking sight in the forests of Northeastern Brazil, its native habitat. The contrast of their pinkish-brown faces with the black palms and soles adds to their distinctive appearance, making them one of the most visually unique capuchin species.

Archaeological findings have shed light on the remarkable adaptability and evolution of the Blond Capuchin, revealing changes in tool usage over the last 3,000 years. Such evidence points to a complex behavioral evolution, underscoring the capuchin’s intelligence and its ability to modify its behavior in response to environmental changes. This capacity for innovation and adaptation highlights the intricate relationship between these primates and their habitats, showcasing their role as an integral part of the ecosystem.

Despite their adaptability, the Blond Capuchin faces significant challenges to its survival. Listed as Endangered, their populations are under severe threat from habitat destruction, primarily due to the expansion of agriculture. Sugarcane cultivation, in particular, has led to significant loss of natural habitat, forcing these primates to either relocate or survive in increasingly fragmented landscapes. Such habitat fragmentation not only reduces their living spaces but also limits their access to food and mates, posing a critical threat to their long-term survival.

Moreover, hunting and poaching for the pet trade further exacerbate the pressures on the Blond Capuchin populations. The illegal capture of these animals for sale as exotic pets not only removes individuals from the wild but also disrupts their social structures, contributing to the decline of already vulnerable populations


Population est.

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Terrestrial / Aquatic

Altricial / Precocial

Polygamous / Monogamous

Dimorphic (size) / Monomorphic

Active: Diurnal / Nocturnal

Social behavior: Solitary / Pack / Herd / Group

Diet: Carnivore / Herbivore / Omnivore / Piscivorous / Insectivore

Migratory: Yes / No

Domesticated: Yes / No

Dangerous: Yes / No