Caucasian squirrel

The word ‘squirrel’ is derived from the Greek word ‘Skiouros’ meaning ‘shadow tail’ – not specific

Wolfgang Dreier

Caucasian squirrel is recognizable through their fur color, which ranges from brown to pale grey on the upper body, from rusty brown to yellowish on the underparts, and from yellow-brown to deep red on the tails. Their favorite foods are oak and pine seeds, but their diet contains nuts, buds, and tree shoots. They store their food within loose soils or tree cavities; some storage is known to contain up to 6kg (13.2 lbs) of food, almost 18 times their body weight!

Although they are labeled as Least concern and remain abundant in Turkey, a study in 2008 shows that their population size had decreased within the region of the Levant, and another survey in 1993 indicates that the Caucasian squirrel is nearly extinct in the area studied in Israel.

Distribution

Country
Population est.
Status
Year
Comments
Armenia
2016
Azerbaijan
2016
Georgia
2016
Greece
2016
Iran
2016
Iraq
2016
Israel
2016
Jordan
2016
Lebanon
2016
Syria
2016
Turkey
2016

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Terrestrial / Aquatic

Altricial / Precocial

Polygamous / Monogamous

Dimorphic (size) / Monomorphic

Active: Diurnal / Nocturnal

Social behavior: Solitary / Pack / Herd

Diet: Carnivore / Herbivore / Omnivore / Piscivorous / Insectivore

Migratory: Yes / No

Domesticated: Yes / No

Dangerous: Yes / No