Recognized for its white plumage and compact build, the Eastern cattle egret is commonly found in various open habitats across Asia, including fields, wetlands, and grasslands. Noteworthy features include a yellow-orange bill and, during the breeding season, orange or buff plumes on the head, neck, and back. This bird is known for its association with large grazing animals, such as cattle, where it forages for insects and small prey stirred up by the livestock movements.
Eastern cattle egrets form colonies for nesting in trees or shrubs during the breeding season, with both parents participating in incubating the eggs and caring for the altricial chicks. The colonies are commonly located in wooded areas close to lakes or rivers, swamps, or small islands, either inland or along the coast. These nesting sites are occasionally shared with other wetland birds like herons, egrets, ibises, and cormorants.
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Terrestrial / Aquatic
Altricial / Precocial
Polygamous / Monogamous
Dimorphic (size) / Monomorphic
Active: Diurnal / Nocturnal
Social behavior: Solitary / Pack / Herd / Colony
Diet: Carnivore / Herbivore / Omnivore / Piscivorous / Insectivore
Migratory: Yes / No
Domesticated: Yes / No
Dangerous: Yes / No