Eastern cattle egret

It can catch insects that are disturbed by the animals’ movements

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Recognized for its white plumage and compact build, the Eastern cattle egret is commonly found in various open habitats across Asia, including fields, wetlands, and grasslands. Noteworthy features include a yellow-orange bill and, during the breeding season, orange or buff plumes on the head, neck, and back. This bird is known for its association with large grazing animals, such as cattle, where it forages for insects and small prey stirred up by the livestock movements.

Eastern cattle egrets form colonies for nesting in trees or shrubs during the breeding season, with both parents participating in incubating the eggs and caring for the altricial chicks. The colonies are commonly located in wooded areas close to lakes or rivers, swamps, or small islands, either inland or along the coast. These nesting sites are occasionally shared with other wetland birds like herons, egrets, ibises, and cormorants.

Distribution

Country
Population est.
Status
Year
Comments
Australia
2023
Bangladesh
2023
Bhutan
2023
Brunei
2023
Cambodia
2023
China
2023
India
2023
Indonesia
2023
Japan
2023
Laos
2023
Malaysia
2023
Myanmar
2023
Nepal
2023
New Zealand
2023
Philippines
2023
Singapore
2023
Sri Lanka
2023
Taiwan
2023
Thailand
2023
Vietnam
2023

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Terrestrial / Aquatic

Altricial / Precocial

Polygamous / Monogamous

Dimorphic (size) / Monomorphic

Active: Diurnal / Nocturnal

Social behavior: Solitary / Pack / Herd / Colony

Diet: Carnivore / Herbivore / Omnivore / Piscivorous / Insectivore

Migratory: Yes / No

Domesticated: Yes / No

Dangerous: Yes / No