Egyptian goose

They were commonly depicted in art from ancient Egypt

Arthur Chapman

It is native to Africa, where it is widespread south of the Sahara and in the Nile Valley. Egyptian geese have also been introduced to other parts of the world, such as Western Europe, and have established feral populations, particularly in the United Kingdom and the Netherlands.

As a medium-sized bird, the Egyptian goose typically measures 63 to 73 centimeters in length and has a wingspan of 110 to 135 centimeters. Both sexes display similar plumage, with greyish-brown back feathers and a lighter chest. The most striking features are the dark brown eye patch and the chestnut ring around their eyes, which give them a distinctive and somewhat stern appearance. Additionally, they have conspicuous white wing patches that become visible in flight.

These geese are known for their loud, harsh calls, which can often be heard at great distances, especially during their breeding season. They are also known for their aggressive behavior, particularly in defending their territory and young.

In terms of habitat, Egyptian geese are quite adaptable and can be found in a variety of wetland habitats, including lakes, rivers, marshes, and agricultural lands. They have adapted well to urban environments and can commonly be seen in city parks and on golf courses where there are bodies of water.

Monogamy is a significant aspect of the social behavior of the Egyptian goose. Pairs form strong, enduring bonds and are often seen together throughout the year. During the breeding season, both male and female collaborate in building a nest, which is typically located near water on the ground among tall vegetation or occasionally in a tree or on a building. They show a high degree of parental care, with both parents involved in incubating the eggs and raising the young.

Distribution

Country
Population est.
Status
Year
Comments
Algeria
2018
Non-Breeding
Angola
2018
Austria
2018
Introduced
Belgium
2018
Breeding
Benin
2018
Non-Breeding
Botswana
2018
Burkina Faso
2018
Burundi
2018
Cameroon
2018
Central Af. Rep.
2018
Chad
2018
China
2018
Non-Breeding
Congo-Brazzaville
2018
Cyprus
2018
Non-Breeding
Côte D’ivoire
2018
Non-Breeding
DR Congo (Kinshasa)
2018
Denmark
2018
Breeding
Djibouti
2018
Egypt
2018
Equatorial Guinea
2018
Eritrea
2018
Eswatini
2018
Ethiopia
2018
France
2018
Non-Breeding
Gabon
2018
Gambia
2018
Ghana
2018
Non-Breeding
Guinea-Bissau
2018
Guinea
2018
Hungary
2018
Non-Breeding
Israel
Official estimate
EX
Extinct locally
Kenya
2018
Lesotho
2018
Malawi
2018
Mali
2018
Malta
2018
Non-Breeding
Mauritania
2018
Mozambique
2018
Namibia
2018
Netherlands
2018
Breeding
Niger
2018
Nigeria
2018
Oman
2018
Non-Breeding
Qatar
2018
Seasonality Uncertain
Rwanda
2018
Senegal
2018
Somalia
2018
South Africa
2018
South Sudan
2018
Breeding
Spain
2018
Non-Breeding
Sudan
2018
Tanzania
2018
Togo
2018
Non-Breeding
Tunisia
2018
UAE
2018
Introduced
Uganda
2018
United Kingdom
2018
Introduced
Zambia
2018
Breeding
Zimbabwe
2018

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Terrestrial / Aquatic

Altricial / Precocial

Polygamous / Monogamous

Dimorphic (size) / Monomorphic

Active: Diurnal / Nocturnal

Social behavior: Solitary / Pack / Herd / Flock

Diet: Carnivore / Herbivore / Omnivore / Piscivorous / Insectivore

Migratory: Yes / No

Domesticated: Yes / No

Dangerous: Yes / No