European roller

Loves trees! Only member of its family breeding in Europe

Zeynel Cebeci

Stocky, old-world blue birds with orange-brown backs prefer living in dry, warm, open woodlands. They have a hooked bill, and plumage is brightly colored. They nest in natural tree holes and raise a single brood each year. Both males and females care for their young, which fledge after 27 days of hatching. The chick of European roller spits a foul-smelling orange liquid on itself to escape predators.

European roller produces a harsh crow-like sound and feeds on trees, reptiles, insects, and rodents. This bird is a host of the parasite Moniliformis gracilis, and the species was nominated as “Near Threatened” in 2005 and downlisted to “Least concern” later.

Distribution

Country
Population est.
Status
Year
Comments
Afghanistan
2019
Breeding
Albania
2019
Breeding
Algeria
2019
Angola
2019
Armenia
2019
Breeding
Austria
2019
Breeding
Azerbaijan
2019
Breeding
Bahrain
2019
Passage
Belarus
2019
Breeding
Belgium
2019
Vagrant
Benin
2019
Bosnia And Herz.
2019
Breeding
Botswana
2019
Bulgaria
2019
Burkina Faso
2019
Burundi
2019
Cameroon
2019
Cape Verde
2019
Vagrant
Central Af. Rep.
2019
Chad
2019
China
2019
Breeding
Comoros
2019
Vagrant
Congo-Brazzaville
2019
Croatia
2019
Breeding
Cyprus
2019
Czechia
2019
Breeding
Côte D’ivoire
2019
DR Congo (Kinshasa)
2019
Denmark
2019
Passage
Djibouti
2019
Egypt
2019
Eritrea
2019
Estonia
2019
Breeding
Eswatini
2019
Ethiopia
2019
Faroe Islands
2019
Vagrant
Finland
2019
Breeding
France
2019
Gabon
2019
Gambia
2019
Georgia
2019
Breeding
Germany
2019
Non-Breeding
Ghana
2019
Non-Breeding
Gibraltar
2019
Greece
2019
Guinea-Bissau
2019
Hungary
2019
Breeding
Iceland
2019
Vagrant
India
2019
Breeding
Iran
2019
Iraq
2019
Ireland
2019
Vagrant
Israel
2019
Breeding
Italy
2019
Breeding
Jordan
2019
Passage
Kazakhstan
2019
Breeding
Kenya
2019
Kuwait
2019
Passage
Kyrgyzstan
2019
Breeding
Latvia
2019
Breeding
Lebanon
2019
Passage
Lesotho
2019
Libya
2019
Liechtenstein
2019
Vagrant
Lithuania
2019
Breeding
Luxembourg
2019
Vagrant
Malawi
2019
Mali
2019
Malta
2019
Mauritania
2019
Moldova
2019
Montenegro
2019
Breeding
Morocco
2019
Mozambique
2019
Namibia
2019
Netherlands
2019
Vagrant
Niger
2019
Non-Breeding
Nigeria
2019
North Macedonia
2019
Breeding
Norway
2019
Vagrant
Oman
2019
Passage
Pakistan
2019
Breeding
Poland
2019
Breeding
Portugal
2019
Breeding
Qatar
2019
Passage
Romania
2019
Breeding
Russia
2019
Breeding: European Russia, Central Asian Russia
Rwanda
2019
San Marino
2019
Origin Uncertain
Saudi Arabia
2019
Passage
Senegal
2019
Serbia
2019
Breeding
Seychelles
2019
Vagrant
Slovakia
2019
Breeding
Slovenia
2019
Breeding
Somalia
2019
South Africa
2019
South Sudan
2019
Passage
Spain
2019
Sudan
2019
Sweden
0
Official estimate
EX
2019
Extinct locally
Switzerland
2019
Breeding
Syria
2019
São Tomé & Príncipe
2019
Vagrant
Tajikistan
2019
Breeding
Tanzania
2019
Togo
2019
Vagrant
Tunisia
2019
Turkey
2019
Breeding
Turkmenistan
2019
Breeding
UAE
2019
Uganda
2019
Ukraine
2019
United Kingdom
2019
Vagrant
Uzbekistan
2019
Breeding
Yemen
2019
Passage
Zambia
2019
Zimbabwe
2019

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Terrestrial / Aquatic

Altricial / Precocial

Polygamous / Monogamous

Dimorphic / Monomorphic (size)

Active: Diurnal / Nocturnal

Social behavior: Solitary / Pack / Herd

Diet: Carnivore / Herbivore / Omnivore / Piscivorous / Insectivore

Migratory: Yes / No

Domesticated: Yes / No

Dangerous: Yes / No