Ferruginous Hawks are distinguished by rusty backs and shoulders, pale heads, and white tails. They have a white patch on the upper wing surface at the base of the flight feathers. Their wings are brown on top and white on the bottom, and they have rusty legs with a dark V on top and whitish underparts. Females are noticeably larger and have similar plumage to males.
They are migratory and travel short distances between breeding and wintering grounds. They inhabit arid grasslands and shrub-steppe ecosystems. Their diet primarily comprises small to medium-sized mammals such as jackrabbits, mice, and squirrels. The loss of uncultivated land and prey has hampered this species’ breeding success.
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Terrestrial / Aquatic
Altricial / Precocial
Polygamous / Monogamous
Dimorphic (size) / Monomorphic
Active: Diurnal / Nocturnal
Social behavior: Solitary / Pack / Herd
Diet: Carnivore / Herbivore / Omnivore / Piscivorous / Insectivore
Migratory: Yes / No
Domesticated: Yes / No
Dangerous: Yes / No