Gelada

Most herbivorous of all monkeys! Native to the Ethiopian Highlands

Charles J. Sharp

Found only in the Ethiopian Highlands, like its close relatives, the baboons (genus Papio), it is largely terrestrial, spending much time foraging in grasslands. They live at 1,800–4,400 m (5,900–14,400 ft) above sea level, using the cliffs for sleeping and montane grasslands for foraging.

The gelada is large and robust, covered with buff to dark brown, coarse hair, and has a hairless face. It can also be physically distinguished from a baboon by the bright patch of skin on its chest – On males; it is distinctive bright red.

Distribution

Country
Population est.
Status
Year
Comments
Ethiopia
50,000 – 60,000
LC
2018

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Terrestrial / Aquatic

Altricial / Precocial

Polygamous / Monogamous

Dimorphic (size) / Monomorphic

Active: Diurnal / Nocturnal

Social behavior: Solitary / Pack / Herd

Diet: Carnivore / Herbivore / Omnivore / Piscivorous / Insectivore

Migratory: Yes / No

Domesticated: Yes / No

Dangerous: Yes / No