Red-shanked douc

The most colorful of all primates, known as the “Queen of primates” thanks to their unique and distinctive appearance

Art G.

Red-shanked douc


The most colorful of all primates, known as the “Queen of primates” thanks to their unique and distinctive appearance

Population 1300
80% population decline in the last three generations

A visually stunning species of langur monkey native to the dense tropical forests of Southeast Asia, the red-shanked douc is renowned for its striking and vibrant appearance. Its distinctive coloration sets it apart from other primates in the region.

These magnificent creatures exhibit a captivating array of colors across their body, creating a mesmerizing sight for those fortunate enough to encounter them in their natural habitat. Their forearms are adorned with pristine white fur, while their upper legs display shades ranging from grey to black. However, it is their lower legs that truly steal the show, as they boast a deep crimson hue, earning them the moniker “Red-shanked” douc. Additionally, their hands and feet are adorned with sleek black fur, adding to their overall allure.

The most striking feature of the Red-shanked douc is undoubtedly its vibrant yellow-orange face, which appears as if adorned with theatrical makeup. This facial coloration adds a touch of brilliance to their already captivating appearance, making them one of the most visually stunning primates in the animal kingdom.

In terms of physical characteristics, male Red-shanked doucs possess round white spots above the white triangle on their rump, providing a distinguishing feature that sets them apart from females of the species. This sexual dimorphism adds to the intrigue surrounding these majestic creatures and aids researchers and conservationists in identifying and studying different individuals within populations.

Red-shanked doucs are primarily arboreal, meaning they spend the majority of their time in the forest canopy, where they forage for food and seek shelter. However, they do venture down to the forest floor on occasion to engage in behaviors such as consuming mineral-rich dirt or drinking water from streams and rivers.

Despite their stunning appearance and remarkable adaptations for life in the forest, Red-shanked doucs face significant threats to their survival. They are listed as Critically Endangered on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species, primarily due to habitat loss, hunting, and illegal wildlife trade.


Population est.

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Terrestrial / Aquatic

Altricial / Precocial

Polygamous / Monogamous

Dimorphic (size)/ Monomorphic

Active: Diurnal / Nocturnal

Social behavior: Solitary / Pack / Herd / Group

Diet: Carnivore / Herbivore / Omnivore / Piscivorous / Insectivore

Migratory: Yes / No

Domesticated: Yes / No

Dangerous: Yes / No