Great spotted kiwi

The vanishing largest kiwi with a mongoose-like fur

Auckland War Memorial Museum

This largest kiwi has soft, hair-like grey to light brown feathers. They have whiskers around the gape and no tail.

Their habitat includes grassland, hardwood forests, damp, mossy beech, scrub-covered coastal pasture, and plantations. They are nocturnal but will come out during the day only if their area lacks predators. Males are territorial and aggressive. A pair’s territory can be 25 ha (62 acres) with up to 50 burrows. They disperse seeds. Vocalizations include hisses, growls, and bill clapping.

Previously before human settlements, there were 12 million great spotted kiwis in New Zealand. Now, they number as few as 8000. They have a good sense of smell, unlike other birds.

Distribution

Country
Population est.
Status
Year
Comments
New Zealand
14,000
Official estimate
VU
2022

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Terrestrial / Aquatic

Altricial / Precocial

Polygamous / Monogamous

Dimorphic (size) / Monomorphic

Active: Diurnal / Nocturnal

Social behavior: Solitary / Pack / Herd

Diet: Carnivore / Herbivore / Omnivore / Piscivorous / Insectivore

Migratory: Yes / No

Domesticated: Yes / No

Dangerous: Yes / No