Hartebeest

They enjoy a sedentary and lazy lifestyle but run fast if they sense danger

Ikiwaner

In the Dutch language, ‘harte’ means ‘deer’ and ‘beest’ means ‘beast’; therefore, the name ‘Hartebeest’ signifies the physical appearance of these medium-sized antelopes. The long legs, slouchy back, and long, narrow face followed by two prominent and magnificent horns make their identification easier. Despite the awkward body posture, this species runs swiftly up to 70 km/h – 45 mph (one of the fastest antelopes).

Hartebeest likes to hang out in large groups ranging from a few hundred to thousand individuals — depending on food availability. Families include all characters, including territorial adult males, non-territorial adult males, females, and male/female young. The territorial males are sensitive about their territories and are ready to fight intruders.

Distribution

Country
Population est.
Status
Year
Comments
Algeria
0
Official estimate
EX
2015
Shot to extinction
Angola
2015
Benin
2015
Botswana
2015
Burkina Faso
2015
Burundi
0
Official estimate
EX
2015
Extinct 1994
Cameroon
2015
Central Af. Rep.
2015
Chad
2015
Côte D’ivoire
2015
DR Congo (Kinshasa)
2015
Egypt
0
Official estimate
EX
2015
Extinct 1994
Eritrea
2015
Possibly Extinct
Eswatini
2015
Introduced
Ethiopia
2015
Gambia
0
Official estimate
EX
2015
Extinct 1994
Ghana
2015
Guinea-Bissau
2015
Guinea
2015
Israel
0
Official estimate
EX
2015
Extinct 1994
Jordan
0
Official estimate
EX
2015
Extinct 1994
Kenya
2015
Lesotho
0
Official estimate
EX
2015
Extinct 1994
Libya
0
Official estimate
EX
2015
Extinct 1994
Mali
2015
Morocco
0
Official estimate
EX
2015
Extinct 1917
Namibia
2015
Niger
2015
Nigeria
2015
Senegal
2015
Somalia
0
Official estimate
EX
2015
Extinct 1994
South Africa
2015
South Sudan
2015
Sudan
2015
Tanzania
2015
Togo
2015
Tunisia
0
Official estimate
EX
2015
Extinct 1900s
Uganda
2015
Zambia
2015
Zimbabwe
2015

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Terrestrial / Aquatic

Altricial / Precocial

Polygamous / Monogamous

Dimorphic (size) / Monomorphic

Active: Diurnal / Nocturnal

Social behavior: Solitary / Pack / Herd

Diet: Carnivore / Herbivore / Omnivore / Piscivorous / Insectivore

Migratory: Yes / No

Domesticated: Yes / No

Dangerous: Yes / No