Flores man

Just over one meter (3 ft) tall, these people were one of the last human species to co-exist with us

The real life Hobbits of today’s Indonesia, extinct 50,000 years ago with the arrival of us Humans.

Homo floresiensis is believed to have evolved from a small-bodied Homo erectus population that became isolated on the island of Flores, Indonesia, around 1 million years ago. Over time, the population became smaller in body size due to limited resources.

The Hobbit’s unique combination of features, including its small brain size and distinct skull shape, separate it as a distinct species from Homo erectus and suggests that the evolution of the Homo genus was not necessarily a unidirectional process of increasing brain size and complexity, but rather a more complex and branching pattern of evolution.

They had long arms and short legs, indicating they were adept climbers and walkers.


Population est.
Official estimate
Extinct 50,000 years ago

Did you know?

  • The discovery of Homo floresiensis was initially met with skepticism and controversy. Some researchers suggested that the fossils belonged to a modern human with a medical condition rather than a separate species.
  • The small size of Homo floresiensis has led some scientists to suggest that it may have evolved to cope with limited resources on the island of Flores, where it lived. However, others have proposed that its small size may have been due to a genetic condition known as microcephaly.
  • The discovery of stone tools associated with Homo floresiensis suggests that they were capable of advanced tool-making and may have hunted small game.
  • The closest living relatives of Homo floresiensis are Homo sapiens (modern humans), but they also share some features with Australopithecus and Paranthropus, which lived over 2 million years ago.
  • Despite the relatively recent age of Homo floresiensis (around 50,000 to 100,000 years old), its fossils show evidence of dental problems and a shortened life span, suggesting that it faced significant health challenges during its existence.
  • Some researchers have suggested that the discovery of Homo floresiensis may indicate that many other unknown hominin species have yet to be discovered.
  • The discovery of Homo floresiensis has also raised questions about the definition of a “species” and the boundaries between different types of hominins.
  • Also, its discovery challenges our understanding of human evolution, as it suggests that multiple hominin species coexisted at the same time.

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Terrestrial / Aquatic

Altricial / Precocial

Polygamous / Monogamous

Dimorphic (size) / Monomorphic

Active: Diurnal / Nocturnal

Social behavior: Solitary / Pack / Herd / Group

Diet: Carnivore / Herbivore / Omnivore / Piscivorous / Insectivore

Migratory: Yes / No

Domesticated: Yes / No

Dangerous: Yes / No