The original “handy man,” who lived around 2.8 to 1.5 million years ago, was the first human ancestor to use stone tools. This was a groundbreaking discovery that shattered the belief that only modern humans could use tools.
Homo habilis had a slightly larger brain compared to its australopithecine ancestors, with a brain volume ranging from 500 to 800 cubic centimeters. Its less protruding face and smaller teeth suggested a shift towards a more varied diet, including plants and meat.
However, the classification of Homo habilis as a separate species or a variant of Australopithecus is still a topic of debate among scientists.
To avoid confusion: this is the only species on the website whose extinction isn’t assumed by human activities and is brought here for educational purposes.
Did you know?
- Homo habilis is one of the earliest known species in the Homo genus, dating back approximately 2.8 million years ago.
- Homo habilis is considered the first species to use stone tools, which were used for cutting, scraping, and chopping.
- Homo habilis had a brain size of about 600-700 cubic centimeters, significantly larger than its Australopithecus ancestors’ brains.
- Homo habilis fossils have been found in Tanzania, Kenya, and Ethiopia.
- They are believed to have been bipedal, walking on two legs, and could likely climb trees as well.
- Some evidence suggests that Homo habilis may have been capable of making simple shelters and using fire, but this is still a topic of research and debate.
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Terrestrial / Aquatic
Altricial / Precocial
Dimorphic (size) / Monomorphic
Polygamous / Monogamous
Active: Diurnal / Nocturnal
Social behavior: Solitary / Pack / Herd / Group
Diet: Carnivore / Herbivore / Omnivore / Piscivorous / Insectivore
Migratory: Yes / No
Domesticated: Yes / No
Dangerous: Yes / No