Imperial amazon

One of the largest species of Amazon parrots, making it an iconic and treasured species

David William Mitchell

Imperial amazon


One of the largest species of Amazon parrots, making it an iconic and treasured species

Population 40 – 60
Undergoing dramatic declines since 19th century

A rare and strikingly beautiful bird native to the Caribbean island of Dominica. The Imperial Amazon is the national bird of Dominica and a symbol of the island’s rich natural heritage and biodiversity. It is known for its brilliant plumage, which features a combination of green, purple, and blue feathers. The head and neck of the bird are predominantly purple, with a bluish tint, while the upperparts are a mix of green and purple. The wings and tail feathers are green with blue tips, creating a stunning contrast. The bird’s eyes are bright orange, adding to its striking appearance.

These parrots inhabit the dense, humid montane rainforests of Dominica, primarily in the Morne Diablotin National Park and surrounding areas. They prefer the canopy layer of the forest, where they can find an abundance of food and nesting sites. The Imperial Amazon is arboreal, spending most of its time in the trees, where it is well-camouflaged among the foliage despite its vivid colors.

The Imperial Amazon’s diet consists mainly of fruits, seeds, nuts, and berries. It is particularly fond of the fruits of the Caribbean pine and various palm species. These birds play a crucial role in their ecosystem as seed dispersers. By consuming fruits and excreting the seeds in different locations, they help promote the growth and regeneration of plant species within their habitat.


Population est.
Official estimate

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Terrestrial / Aquatic

Altricial / Precocial

Polygamous / Monogamous

Dimorphic / Monomorphic

Active: Diurnal (size) / Nocturnal

Social behavior: Solitary / Pack / Herd

Diet: Carnivore / Herbivore / Omnivore / Piscivorous / Insectivore

Migratory: Yes / No

Domesticated: Yes / No

Dangerous: Yes / No