Little owl

Aptly named after the goddesses of wisdom and war, little owls have lived alongside human civilizations since 500 BC

Trebol-a

The little owl is a charming and adaptable species of owl that has successfully carved out a niche for itself in a wide range of human-modified environments across Eurasia. Unlike some of its more elusive relatives, the little owl thrives in close proximity to human habitation, often nesting in a variety of unconventional locations, including the hollows of tree trunks, cliff faces, buildings, and even abandoned rabbit burrows. This remarkable ability to adapt to diverse habitats has enabled the little owl to establish a widespread distribution throughout its range, from the Mediterranean regions of Europe to the steppes of Central Asia.

One of the most endearing aspects of the little owl’s behavior is its strong pair bond and lifelong commitment to its mate. Once a breeding pair establishes their nest site, typically in early spring, they remain faithful to each other and their territory, seldom straying far from home. This loyalty and devotion to their partnership contribute to the stability and success of their breeding efforts, ensuring the continuation of their lineage for generations to come.

Despite its diminutive size, the little owl possesses a bold and assertive demeanor that belies its stature. Weighing less than 200 grams (6.3 ounces), these compact and stocky birds exhibit a fearless attitude, especially when it comes to defending their territory against intruders. When threatened, the little owl employs a variety of aggressive tactics, including perching in a prominent position to surveil its surroundings and swooping down with talons outstretched to confront potential adversaries or seize prey.

In addition to its formidable defensive capabilities, the little owl is also a highly skilled hunter, employing a combination of keen eyesight, acute hearing, and stealthy ambush tactics to capture its prey. From small mammals and birds to insects and other invertebrates, the little owl’s varied diet reflects its opportunistic foraging behavior and adaptability to different food sources.

Distribution

Country
Population est.
Status
Year
Comments
Afghanistan
2018
Albania
2018
Breeding
Algeria
2018
Andorra
2018
Armenia
2018
Breeding
Austria
2018
Azerbaijan
2018
Belarus
2018
Belgium
2018
Bosnia And Herz.
2018
Breeding
Bulgaria
2018
Chad
2018
China
2018
Breeding
Croatia
2018
Cyprus
2018
Czechia
2018
Denmark
2018
Djibouti
2018
Egypt
2018
Eritrea
2018
Ethiopia
2018
Finland
2018
Non-Breeding
France
2018
Georgia
2018
Breeding
Germany
2018
Breeding
Gibraltar
2018
Greece
2018
Hungary
2018
India
2018
Breeding
Iran
2018
Iraq
2018
Ireland
2018
Non-Breeding
Israel
2018
Breeding
Italy
2018
Jordan
2018
Kazakhstan
2018
Breeding
Korea
2018
Breeding
Kuwait
2018
Kyrgyzstan
2018
Breeding
Latvia
2018
Lebanon
2018
Libya
2018
Liechtenstein
2018
Possibly Extinct
Lithuania
2018
Luxembourg
2018
Mali
2018
Malta
2018
Non-Breeding
Mauritania
2018
Moldova
2018
Mongolia
2018
Breeding
Montenegro
2018
Breeding
Morocco
2018
Nepal
2018
Breeding
Netherlands
2018
New Zealand
2018
Breeding
Niger
2018
North Korea
2018
Non-Breeding
North Macedonia
2018
Norway
2018
Non-Breeding
Oman
2018
Pakistan
2018
Breeding
Poland
2018
Breeding
Portugal
2018
Qatar
2018
Romania
2018
Russia
2018
Saudi Arabia
2018
Serbia
2018
Breeding
Slovakia
2018
Slovenia
2018
Somalia
2018
Spain
2018
Sudan
2018
Sweden
2018
Non-Breeding
Switzerland
2018
Syria
2018
Tajikistan
2018
Breeding
Tunisia
2018
Turkey
2018
Turkmenistan
2018
Breeding
UAE
2018
Ukraine
2018
United Kingdom
2018
Uzbekistan
2018
Breeding
Yemen
2018

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Terrestrial / Aquatic

Altricial / Precocial

Polygamous / Monogamous

Dimorphic (size) / Monomorphic

Active: Diurnal / Nocturnal

Social behavior: Solitary / Pack / Herd

Diet: Carnivore / Herbivore / Omnivore / Piscivorous / Insectivore

Migratory: Yes / No

Domesticated: Yes / No

Dangerous: Yes / No