North Sulawesi babirusa

A uniquely fascinating creature with impressive curved tusks, distinctive snout, and remarkable ability to walk on its hind legs


A remarkable and somewhat mystical creature that inhabits the dense, tropical forests of North Sulawesi, Indonesia. This enigmatic animal, whose name translates to “deer pig” in Indonesian due to its deer-like appearance and pig-like features, has fascinated observers with its unique physical and behavioral characteristics.

Primarily omnivorous, the North Sulawesi babirusa showcases a versatile diet that allows it to thrive within the biodiverse ecosystems of Sulawesi. With a snout that functions as an effective tool, the babirusa engages in foraging behaviors that are both opportunistic and necessity-driven. Digging into the soft forest floor, it uncovers a variety of foods, from fallen fruits and succulent roots to small ground-dwelling creatures such as lizards and insects.

The babirusa’s physical prowess is evident in its capacity for swift movement through its dense forest home. It exhibits a fondness for running and leaping, behaviors that facilitate escape from potential predators and play a role in social interactions and mating displays. Additionally, the babirusa is a proficient swimmer, often found indulging in the cooling waters of rivers and streams.

However, it is the North Sulawesi babirusa’s tusks that truly capture the imagination. The males of the species are equipped with remarkable upper canines that grow upward and curve back toward the forehead, sometimes threatening to penetrate their own skulls if not broken off or worn down. Unlike the tusks of other swine, which are used primarily for digging or combat with predators, the babirusa’s tusks serve as formidable weapons in intraspecific conflicts, particularly during the mating season. Males engage in fierce tussle, their tusks clashing as they vie for dominance and the attention of females. Beyond their role in combat, these impressive tusks are believed to play a significant part in sexual selection, with larger tusks potentially signaling greater fitness to potential mates.


Population est.
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Terrestrial / Aquatic

Altricial / Precocial

Polygamous / Monogamous

Dimorphic (size) / Monomorphic

Active: Diurnal / Nocturnal

Social behavior: Solitary / Pack / Herd

Diet: Carnivore / Herbivore / Omnivore / Piscivorous / Insectivore

Migratory: Yes / No

Domesticated: Yes / No

Dangerous: Yes / No