Imagine a salamander that lives only on one side of a single mountain in Georgia. That’s the Pigeon Mountain salamander, a rare and secretive amphibian. They are about 8 cm (3 in) long, with a brown or black body and white specks on their sides and belly. They have a distinctive row of pores on their temples, which are used for sensing chemicals in their environment.
But what truly sets it apart is its exclusive hide-and-seek lifestyle. Unlike most salamanders, which spend their days basking in the limelight, the Pigeon Mountain salamander prefers to remain hidden, concealed deep within the mountain’s rocky crevices. They are active at night when they hunt for insects, worms, and other small invertebrates. They are also able to survive without water for long periods of time by secreting a protective mucus layer on their skin.
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Terrestrial / Aquatic
Altricial / Precocial
Polygamous / Monogamous
Dimorphic (size) / Monomorphic
Active: Diurnal / Nocturnal
Social behavior: Solitary / Pack / Herd
Diet: Carnivore / Herbivore / Omnivore / Piscivorous / Insectivore
Migratory: Yes / No
Domesticated: Yes / No
Dangerous: Yes / No