The woodpecker is a resident breeding bird from southern Europe to Iran. In recent years, its distribution has moved farther northwest into Europe. It lives in open forests, plantations of trees and shrubs, and parks, relying on ancient trees for food and nesting places. Despite its coloration, it is often an unnoticed bird.
The woodpecker is 23cm (9 in) long and looks like the Dendrocopos major and the giant spotted woodpecker. The male has a glossy black upper body with a red mark on the nape and white on the forehead, sides of the face, and neck. The flight feathers are black with white patches creating three wingbars, and there is a big white patch on the shoulder. Only a few white dots may be seen on the three outer tail feathers when the short, stiff tail is fanned out for climbing support.
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Terrestrial / Aquatic
Altricial / Precocial
Polygamous / Monogamous
Dimorphic (size) / Monomorphic
Active: Diurnal / Nocturnal
Social behavior: Solitary / Pack / Herd
Diet: Carnivore / Herbivore / Omnivore / Piscivorous / Insectivore
Migratory: Yes / No
Domesticated: Yes / No
Dangerous: Yes / No