Texas blind salamander

A cave-dwelling creature that spends all its life hiding underground in the water

Ryan Hagerty, USFWS

This salamander’s name implies that it is blind, yet immature specimens exhibit eyespots. They scan their surroundings for food and potential mates using smell and sometimes vibration or pressure. The Texas blind salamander has a high level of adaptation to living in an underground aquatic habitat. The blind salamander of Texas hunts regularly.

As it looks for food on the bottom, it turns its head from side to side. Its food consists primarily of tiny snails, shrimp, and other aquatic invertebrates. It is a vulnerable species because of its incredibly small range. Little is known about the habits of this species because they are so elusive.


Population est.
United States

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Terrestrial / Aquatic

Altricial / Precocial

Dimorphic (size) / Monomorphic

Polygamous / Monogamous

Active: Diurnal / Nocturnal

Social behavior: Solitary / Pack / Herd

Diet: Carnivore / Herbivore / Omnivore / Piscivorous / Insectivore

Migratory: Yes / No

Domesticated: Yes / No

Dangerous: Yes / No