These giant land-dwelling salamanders are thick-bodied amphibians with small snouts, strong legs, and long tails. They are the most frequently seen salamanders throughout their distribution in the United States, southern Canada, and eastern Mexico. However, they have a healthy population across their whole range, and deforestation and pollution in their breeding grounds impact where they live.
Salamanders don’t have lungs; instead, they breathe through their incredibly porous skin. This renders them extremely vulnerable to poisons and other environmental contaminants. They serve as “indicator species” because this allows scientists to gauge the state of an ecosystem.
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Terrestrial / Aquatic
Altricial / Precocial
Polygamous / Monogamous
Dimorphic (size) / Monomorphic
Active: Diurnal / Nocturnal
Social behavior: Solitary / Pack / Herd
Diet: Carnivore / Herbivore / Omnivore / Piscivorous / Insectivore
Migratory: Yes / No
Domesticated: Yes / No
Dangerous: Yes / No