Easily identifiable by their warty skin — their unique defense mechanism to deter predators

These toads are found in many parts of Asia and are known for their distinctive appearance and behavior. One of the most notable characteristics of Duttaphrynus toads is their warty skin, which is covered in small bumps that provide a rough texture. Additionally, Duttaphrynus toads have a parotid gland behind their eyes that releases toxic secretions when threatened. These secretions can be harmful to predators and can even cause skin irritation in humans.  

Duttaphrynus toads are not only unique in their appearance and behavior but also in their adaptability. They emit a loud, high-pitched trill during the breeding season, a sound that can be heard from a considerable distance and is often used to identify different species of Duttaphrynus toads. These toads can thrive in a variety of habitats, from forests to grasslands to urban areas, and can withstand changes in temperature and humidity, making them highly adaptable to different environments.  

Despite their hardy nature, Duttaphrynus toads are facing threats from habitat destruction and climate change. Some species are also at risk of being over-collected for the pet trade. It is important to protect these unique toads and their habitats to ensure that they continue to thrive in the wild.